Know Your World: Facts About Hunger and Poverty
- 7.7 billion
World Hunger Facts
– Today there are 821 million people who are chronically undernourished. This is more than the 795 million in 2014, although still down from about 900 million in 2000. For more information on the rising rate of global undernutrition, see our response to the 2018 State of Food Security and Nutrition Report.
– 98% of the world’s undernourished people live in developing countries.
– Where is hunger the worst?
– Asia: 515.1 million*
– Sub-Saharan Africa: 236.5 million*
– Latin America: 32.3 million*
*Indicates an increase from 2016 to 2017.
Women and Children
– 60 percent of the world’s hungry are women.
– Globally, about one in five births (21%) take place without the assistance of a skilled birth attendant. In 2016, this translated into nearly 31 million unattended births worldwide. Inadequate care during pregnancy and delivery was largely responsible for the annual deaths of an estimated 303,000 mothers and 2.7 million newborns in 2015.
– One out of six infants is born with a low birth weight in developing countries.
– Nearly half of all deaths in children under 5 are attributable to under-nutrition. This translates into the unnecessary loss of about 3 million young lives a year.
– Globally, the number of children under 5 who suffer from stunting is down to 151 million. In 2016, about two out of every four stunted children lived in South Asia and one in three in sub-Saharan Africa.
The Hunger Project firmly believes that empowering women to be key change agents is an essential element to achieving the end of hunger and poverty. Wherever we work, our programs aim to support women and build their capacity.
HIV/AIDS and other Diseases
– 36.7 million people are living with HIV/AIDS.
– 76.1 million [65.2 million–88.0 million] people have become infected with HIV since the start of the epidemic.
– 51% percent of people living with HIV/AIDS are women.
– The vast majority of people living with HIV are located in low- and middle- income countries, with an estimated 25.5 million living in Sub-Saharan Africa.
– New HIV infections among children globally have halved, from 300,000 in 2010 to 160,000 in 2016 (47%).
Launched in 2003, The Hunger Project’s HIV/AIDS and Gender Inequality Campaign works at the grassroots level to provide education about preventative and treatment measures. Read more about our work here.
– 767 million people, or 1 in 10 people in the world, live under $1.90 a day, and half of the extreme poor (389 million) live in Sub-Saharan Africa.
– 328 million children are living in extreme poverty.
Rural Hunger Project partners have access to income-generating workshops, empowering their self-reliance. Our Microfinance Program in Africa provides access to credit, adequate training and instilling in our partners the importance of saving.
– 75 percent of the world’s poorest people live in rural areas and depend on agriculture and related activities for their livelihood.
– 50 percent of hungry people are farming families.
In each region in which we work, The Hunger Project provides tools and training to increase farming production at the local level. In Africa, our epicenter partners run community farms where they implement new techniques while producing food for the epicenter food bank.
Water and sanitation
– Some 3 in 10 people worldwide, or 2.1 billion, lack access to safe, readily available water at home
– 6 in 10, or 4.5 billion, lack safely managed sanitation
– Each year, 361,000 children under 5 die due to diarrhea. Poor sanitation and contaminated water are also linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, dysentery, hepatitis A, and typhoid.
– In countries experiencing conflict or unrest, children are 4 times less likely to use basic water services, and 2 times less likely to use basic sanitation services than children in other countries.
– There are big gaps in service between urban and rural areas. Two out of three people with safely managed drinking water and three out of five people with safely managed sanitation services live in urban areas. Of the 161 million people using untreated surface water (from lakes, rivers or irrigation channels), 150 million live in rural areas.
The Hunger Project works with communities to develop new water resources, ensure clean water and improved sanitation, and implement water conservation techniques.
Last update: November 2017.