Health & Nutrition in Uganda
Health Committees and clinics, which are made up of epicenter partners, operate medical programs that provide maternal care, disease-prevention, and HIV/AIDS services.
The Health Committee assists in operating the health clinic (including a delivery room, consultation rooms, pharmacy and toilets). The clinic typically tracks child and maternal health, provides malaria and tuberculosis prevention and treatment, offers nutrition education, administers medications and supplies and coordinates with government and local agencies to host medical staff.
All but two of Uganda’s epicenters have health clinics. There are an average of 3.5 nurses and government-paid health workers and 22 community health workers at each clinic. All of the clinics have nurses’ quarters, a pharmacy or dispensary and a maternity ward. There are a total of eight midwives among all the epicenters.
Tuberculosis, polio, diphtheria, hepatitis, meningitis, pneumonia, measles and tetanus vaccinations are available at all the epicenter health clinics.
Three of the nine epicenters with health clinics offer malnutrition counseling and treatment; eight offer diarrhea and dehydration treatment, and eight also offer height and weight tracking for children, to monitor healthy growth. Seven of the epicenters offer family planning services and prenatal care while eight offer postnatal care. Ten of the epicenters distribute condoms as a type of family planning.
All of the epicenters with health clinics distribute bed nets, and all of the health clinics offer malaria screening and treatment. All of the epicenters provide HIV/AIDS testing, a Microfinance Program explicitly for people living with AIDS, and counseling. However, only two epicenters offer antiretroviral drugs at this time. The Hunger Project also trains specialized volunteer “HIV animators” in each epicenter who conduct workshops that engage both women and men in learning the facts of HIV/AIDS and the role of gender inequality in fueling the pandemic. The HIV animators work with the epicenter Health Committee in mobilizing the entire population to halt the spread of HIV.