Water & Sanitation
“Every year, over 800,000 people, including more than 340,000 children under five, die from diseases caused by unsafe water, inadequate sanitation, or poor hygiene.”
– Antonio Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations, September 22, 2017
According to the latest reports WHO reports, 3 in 10 people worldwide, or 2.1 billion, lack access to safe, readily available water at home, and 6 in 10, or 4.5 billion, lack safely managed sanitation. One in three people don’t have a toilet, and 892 million people – mostly in rural areas – are forced to defecate in the open. Clean water and good sanitation prevents water-borne diseases like diarrhea, cholera and dysentery, all potentially fatal conditions in the developing world. 361,000 children die each year – that’s more than 1,000 child deaths each day – from diarrhoeal diseases due to dirty water.
In the developing world, women in particular bear the brunt of the lack of availability to clean and safe water. Charged with transporting water, women and girls often walk miles per day to fetch water. And, each time a woman sets out for a distant water source, she runs the risk of encountering violence along the way. Reliable access to clean, close water reduces that risk, empowers women with the time and security to invest in family and community development and gives girls the opportunity to attend school.
Moreover, with 70 percent of the world’s fresh water supply devoted to agriculture, effective water conservation techniques are essential. Over 78 percent of the world’s poorest people live in rural areas and are dependent primarily on agriculture and related activities for their livelihood. The well-being of these smallholder farmers is closely tied to the natural environment, highly vulnerable to environmental destruction, water shortages and climate change.
That’s why The Hunger Project works to empower rural communities to ensure increased access to clean water and improved sanitation, the development of new water sources, and the implementation of water conservation techniques.
In Africa, for example, nearly 2,900 latrines were constructed, installed, or rehabilitated in 2016. And in India—where open defecation is the most ubiquitous in the world—Elected Women Representatives go from community to community to help equip women and girls with knowledge and information about proper sanitation and hygiene. The Hunger Project has assembled a series of cases studies about these elected women leaders in a booklet on Water and Sanitation. In Bangladesh, 50 Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) campaigns were conducted in 2016, and there were over 3,000 meetings on WASH and hygienic practices around the country, educating communities about the importance of sanitation.
In Mexico, The Hunger Project has begun installing compositing “eco-toilets,” training community members on how to build the bathrooms, use and maintain them. This community-led approach has resulted in the total appropriation of the process and technique, in personal empowerment and developing leadership skills. And in the remote community of Catishtic, Chiapas, a group of young women in their 20’s led the construction of the first bathroom in their community.
In addition, The Hunger Project works to access timely and accurate data for interventions in sanitation, and to make that data accessible and transparent to community members. This makes the data ‘actionable’ and usable for communities and state authorities. WASH data is shared through participatory tools, including community Transparency Boards, which enable community members to visualize progress in areas such as improved sanitation. Disseminating and sharing data in a timely and accurate way enables communities to bridge valuable relationships with local governments and NGOs working in sanitation.
What We Do:
- Building Capacity: Establishing water project boards made up of community leaders who are trained by experts on how to monitor, maintain and repair water systems; training people in the use and repair of water pumps and generators; and training a core of local leaders in water safety and purification so they can lead workshops throughout the community and expand grassroots knowledge.
- Developing New Sustainable Water Sources: Empowering local communities to drill new wells and boreholes and repair existing ones; build and repair water towers; and construct water troughs for livestock. In Mexico in 2014, over 300 people participated in community projects to improve access to water.
- Ensuring a Reliable Supply of Clean Water: Providing equipment and training for testing and pumping water; empowering communities to build and repair latrines in homes, schools and public spaces; and lobbying local governments to devote public resources to water infrastructure projects.
- Implementing Water Conservation Techniques: Mobilizing communities to initiate drip irrigation projects, which minimize the use of water and fertilizer by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, and to develop water catchment systems, which collect rainwater from a roof or other surface before it reaches the ground and store it for future use.
- Sanitation Programs: Good hygiene is more than a convenience, water borne illness is a leading cause of childhood deaths around the world. The Hunger Project trainings and capacity building projects improve living conditions and save lives. In Africa in 2016, nearly 2,900 latrines were constructed, installed, or rehabilitated.